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way to help students recognize the skills they are acquiring is
to build the recognition into your daily lessons. With a little
effort at the beginning and end of a lesson, you can help your students
appreciate what they have learned and increase their self-efficacy.
You want your students to be aware of the progress they have made.
Review the Past
Begin each lesson by listing on the board the skills your students
mastered from the previous lesson. You can make such statements
as, "Look how much we have already learned about how a bill becomes
a law." This serves three purposes: It reviews previously learned
material, it draws attention to what students learned, and it helps
set the stage for the new material you are about to cover.
Set the Stage
Prior to beginning a lesson, post the skills the students will learn
during the lesson. Briefly discuss how the new skills build upon
what the students already know. This also serves three purposes.
First, it draws attention to what you want the students to learn.
Second, it provides a goal to measure once the lesson is complete.
Lastly, it makes the material less threatening by showing the students
how it connects to what they already know. If you are working individually
with a student, help the student record what she wishes to learn
As the lesson progresses, physically place a check by each skill
as you cover it. At the end of the lesson, review the skills or
goals that were achieved. Because the skills are already listed
on the board, it is easy to draw attention to the ones that were
accomplished. By physically placing a check next to each skill,
you draw additional attention to their accomplishment.
Check Your Knowledge
- Taking time to draw student attention
to your lesson objectives is too time consuming and has little
impact on their self-efficacy.
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Students Set Goals
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c. 2000 - Del
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